Lesson Profile
Student Level 
College / University
Target Language 
Teaching Context 
Target Proficiency Level 
Social relationships and norms,
Community issues and current events,
Social and regional customs,
Performance Descriptors 
  • Report, narrate and describe in all time-frames
  • Speak in paragraph-length discourse
  • Discuss a variety of topics limited to concrete discourse
  • Handle a situation with a complication
  • State an opinion
  • Paraphrase, summarize, compare
  • Understand main ideas and details of texts
  • Understand common idiomatic expressions
  • Deduce meaning in unfamiliar language passages
  • Make notes while someone is talking
Objectives and Standards
Objective 1 
By the end of the lesson students will be able to demonstrate a thorough knowledge of transportation issues in Afghanistan
Objective 2 
By the end of this lesson students will be able to share their personal stories about travelling to Afghanistan
Objective 3 
By the end of this lesson students will be able to compare and contrast public transportation in Afghanistan to the United States.
World-Readiness Standards
1.1 Interpersonal: Learners interact and negotiate meaning in spoken, signed, or written conversations to share information, reactions, feelings, and opinions.
1.3 Presentational: Learners present information, concepts, and ideas to inform, explain, persuade, and narrate on a variety of topics using appropriate media and adapting to various audiences of listeners, readers, or viewers.
2.1 Practices: Learners use the language to investigate, explain, and reflect on the relationship between the practices and perspectives of the cultures studied.
2.2 Products: Learners use the language to investigate, explain, and reflect on the relationship between the products and perspectives of the cultures studied.
3.1 Other disciplines: Learners build, reinforce, and expand their knowledge of other disciplines while using the language to develop critical thinking and to solve problems creatively.
4.2 Cultures: Learners use the language to investigate, explain, and reflect on the concept of culture through comparisons of the cultures studied and their own.
5.1 School and beyond: Learners use the language both within and beyond the classroom to interact and collaborate in their community and the globalized world.
5.2 Lifelong learning: Learners set goals and reflect on their progress in using languages for enjoyment, enrichment, and advancement.
California Standards
Common Core Standards
Performance Assessment (Final Project/Assessment)
Performance Task 1 - Interpretive 

Students will watch a short movie about transportation in Afghanistan and will interpret and have a small discourse.

Performance Task 2 - Presentational 

Students will prepare a small presentation about transport in Afghanistan

Performance Task 3 - Interpersonal 

Students will work in groups to plan a trip around Afghanistan using different means of transportation.

Functions, Structures, Vocabulary and Culture

Engage in paragraph level conversations.


Practice past and future tenses


Learn 10-14 new vocabulary

Task 1 - Interpretive
Task 2 - Presentational
Task 3 - Interpersonal
Opening Activities / Setting the Stage 

The teacher will open the session by showing a short video clip about the transportation system in Afghanistan.

Main Activities - Comprehensible Input 

The teacher will present a lesson on the transportation system in Afghanistan. He/she presents the lesson by telling stories.

Main Activities - Guided Practice 

Each group will highlight the issues related to transportation in Afghanistan and offer its opinion and rationale behind those issues. The teacher will encourage the students to support their opinions with concrete and discrete examples.

Main Activities - Independent Practice 

1. The teacher will divide the students into small groups and ask them to talk about different means of transportation in Afghanistan
2. The students will talk about similarities and differences between the transportation system in Afghanistan and the United States. They will also point out cultural differences such as the culture of bargaining when hiring a taxi.


The teacher will ask the students to offer recommendations for improvement of the transportation system in Afghanistan.

Additional Activities or Standards Addressed 

Post Activity:
1. Students will share their knowledge about the topic with their parents
2. Students will ask their parents for more information about the topic
3. Students will share their new knowledge with the class next morning.

Links to Online Resources
File Attachments
Image Attachments